A program might be defined as coded or prearranged information that controls a process (or behavior) leading it towards a goal. The program contains not only the blueprint of the goal but also the instructions of how to use the information of the blueprint. A program is not a description of a given situation but a set of instructions. (p. 128) Adaptedness thus is an a posteriori result rather than an a priori goal seeking. For this reason the word teleological is misleading when applied to adapted features (p. 131)

Mayr, The idea of teleology, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 53, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1992), pp. 117-135


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